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Drug Free Rock

Unlike the motley musicians of old, many of today’s rockers promote a positive message by abstaining from drugs and alcohol. And young music fans are listening.



Taking the Drugs Out of Rock n’ Roll

Wil Francis wasn’t comfortable in his own skin. All he wanted was to feel normal. In his adolescent search for belonging, Francis discovered a dangerous yet provocative world. At age 11, he began drinking heavily and smoking marijuana. Within four years, he was living on the streets of Seattle, shooting up in alleys, stealing cars and spending nights in jail. A devoted fan of punk rock and grunge, Francis looked up to local heroes like Nirvana’s Kurt Cobain and Alice in Chains’ Layne Staley. Both were rockstars who lived decadent junkie lifestyles, and neither would live to see 35. Sober for nearly seven years, Francis now fronts the goth-punk band Aiden.

Rock culture has changed drastically since he was growing up in the 1990s, and his story and example are part of its evolution. Unlike the motley musicians of old, many of today’s rockers promote a positive message by abstaining from drugs and alcohol. And young music fans are listening.

Since going public with his past substance abuse problems, Francis has received “tons of letters and emails” from supportive teens with similar problems. “That’s probably the best reward,” he says. “But I don’t have the power to get people sober. All I can do is share my story and live by example.”

With the presence of responsible role models, a more positive scene has emerged. The punk, emo and hardcore counterculture has moved beyond the clichés of sex, drugs and rock n’ roll, encompassing a new group of individuals- the kids who want to rock n’ roll all night, but not party every day.

“The music scene definitely provides an alternative social aspect because everyone hangs out and we have a good time without the presence of alcohol or anything,” said music fan Joanne Miller, 18, of Everett. Miller is straightedge- she does not use drugs, alcohol or tobacco. Named after a song by seminal sober punks Minor Threat, straightedge is rooted in the hardcore music scene and emphasizes self-control, a positive attitude and a healthy, chemical-free lifestyle.

Recently the movement has gained momentum, as clean teens in search of belonging seek a community of like-minded peers. The lifestyle is also endorsed by some of today’s most popular rock bands, including the ubiquitous multi-platinum pop-punk band Fall Out Boy.

“You’ve got people like Pete [Wentz, of Fall Out Boy, pictured below] who are famous and yet they’re having fun without getting drunk, pretty much breaking the mold of the rockstar,” said Miller. “Kids are finding out that not everyone is drinking and getting high and that even if you don’t, that’s acceptable.”

Indeed, things have changed since the advent of punk in the 1970s. Led by notorious acts like the Stooges, the Sex Pistols and the Ramones, punk was a musical and cultural revolution that rebelled against the confines of society and authority. But over the next 30 years, the culture expanded its scope and the face of punk evolved from a pock-marked Sid Vicious to pretty-boy Pete Wentz.

And while the thought of punk cleaning up its act may thrill parents, Miller believes there is still an element of teenage rebellion in a pledge of sobriety. She says that, like old-school punks, straightedge teens are “rebelling against a certain set of norms.” “It’s rebelling against what everyone expects from you,” said Miller. “Because honestly a lot of people are like, ‘Oh college, just an excuse to get drunk and smoke up.’”

Another young music fan staying sober is Michelle Buchman, 20, of Tyngsboro. For her, watching her friends go wild during their freshman year of college served as a rude awakening. While Buchman occasionally indulged in social drinking, she says that watching others revel in excessive amounts of alcohol and drugs made her opposed to the behavior. Buchman, who counts Fall Out Boy and straightedge metalcore quartet Throwdown among her favorite bands, quit drinking and devoted herself to clean living.

“I think [the straightedge movement] is definitely growing because of the exposure it’s getting. I mean a lot of members of bands are edge now,” said Buchman. “So I think kids kind of see them and that’s how they get into straightedge. It’s definitely being more publicized now than it ever was.”

She warns that many young teens may not fully understand the strict commitment that correlates with straightedge.

Although it is a healthy and safe movement, straightedge can also have negative implications. The community’s reputation for being preachy, intolerant or incredibly demanding (some variances of straightedge include veganism and abstinence from pre-marital sex) often rebuffs some sober individuals, including Francis, from using the label. Greg Wood, guitarist for pop-punk band Punchline, has been sober all his life and is a straightedge advocate. In 2005, he founded Antidote Apparel, a clothing line based on non-violent, drug-free messages. One of his t-shirts reads “Another Drug Free Rockstar;” others depict bright, sunny days, rainbows and children blowing bubbles without a hint of irony.

Just ten years ago, a concertgoer wearing one of Antidote’s tees would have been moshpit roadkill. But in today’s rock scene, positive messages are as accepted as uniform black, and the clothing line has found a niche group of consumers.

“For me, given the opportunity to reach kids on some small, hopefully growing mass scale, I wanted to put a positive alternative out there,” said Wood. “The reaction has been awesome, and very encouraging and exciting for me personally.”

But while more band members are defying rock stereotypes, a small faction within the punk scene is trying to do the opposite by glamorizing debauchery and public inebriation. “There are more bands than five years ago who proclaim themselves drug free, but there is certainly a movement of bands who want to live out the sex, drugs and rock n’ roll image of Guns n’ Roses,” said Wood. “Embracing their mystique and purported lifestyle as a primary goal, before the music, is about as lame as you can get.”

This counter-movement doesn’t bother Francis. At the core of the music scene’s sober crowd is a philosophy of free will; the important thing, they believe, is that kids see that they have a choice when it comes to drugs and alcohol.

“Some people want to be Mötley Crüe and that’s cool,” said Francis. “That’s what works for them. It’s all about what you want to do. That’s a choice that I have, but I choose to stay sober and keep a level head.”


Willie Nelson’s “Sad Songs and Waltzes” and the Art of Alienation

The hard-won wisdom about the human toll that capitalist alienation extracts is what makes Willie Nelson’s “Sad Songs and Waltzes” so beautifully devastating



Willie Nelson

Someday, when the world finally loses Willie Nelson, there will be an eruption of sadness. He is an icon, yet many people will still be shocked at the depth and profundity of his body of work. At this point already, the unbroken length and quality of his career is almost without precedent in American music. He has simply been here so long it seems he has always been here doing what he does. And his music has defied easy categorization, slipping seamlessly between wide varieties of country music, jazz, and American standards. He is probably the artist for whom the term “Americana” was most properly invented. 

Yet his career can be divided into rather neatly-defined stages. For many people, myself included, his most interesting stage is probably his brief stint with Atlantic Records in the early 1970s. Atlantic had just begun a Country division and Nelson was brought in as a cornerstone for that new endeavor. The experiment was not long; Nelson ended up recording only two albums under the Atlantic label, Shotgun Willie and Phases and Stages, but the two albums worked out to be an essential bridge in Nelson’s gradual transformation from a fixture of the Nashville establishment to an iconic Outlaw and the singular artist we know and love today. Without these works, there is no path to Red Headed Stranger or Stardust or the collaborations with Waylon Jennings and Merle Haggard that would come to define Country music in the decades to come. 

Here I want to discuss the simple, singular genius of one song from this period, “Sad Songs and Waltzes” from Shotgun Willie. The song perfectly embodies the artistic maturity gained by Nelson’s long breakup with the Nashville machine. And the hard lessons learned by that process show up in the song’s spare production, which works with its deceptively simple lyrics to show how market economies alienate human beings from themselves and one another. 

“Sad Songs and Waltzes” and Willie Nelson’s Career

Nelson was pushing 40 when Shotgun Willie was released. He was a longtime fixture in the Nashville music business, mainly as a songwriter (he was a hit maker for many other artists, writing songs like “Crazy” for Patsy Cline). As a solo artist himself, however, Nelson was constrained by the producer-centric power structures of The Nashville Sound. His ambitions were too large to be contained for long, however.

Nelson had already experimented musically. For example, he released a beautiful yet enigmatic concept album in 1971 called Yesterday’s Wine, which began the process of pushing his way out of the mold Nashville had formed him in. Eventually, he would leave RCA and Nashville altogether, moving to Austin, Texas and, in that strange mix of bikers, cowboys, and hippies, Willie Nelson as we now know him began to invent himself.

This is the world into which Shotgun Willie, and its third song “Sad Songs and Waltzes” was born.

The Song

With only a single guitar, alternating bass notes between plucky strums to create a (you guessed it) waltz, and backed by a distant steel guitar, the song begins “I’m writing a song all about you. A true song as real as my tears. But you’ve no need to fear it, ‘cause no one will hear it. ‘Cause sad songs and waltzes aren’t selling this year.” 

This utterly simply, yet devastatingly powerful opening tells the whole story. A man, an artist, is betrayed by his love and longs to express it through his art. The power of the marketplace makes this an impossibility. He is left both without a woman and without a song to mourn her absence. This is the purest tragedy. 

Essentially the song, like many country songs,  tells a story about a man who has lost a relationship with a woman. This is a rather normal part of human life, but human relations are flexible and people typically have the ability to craft new relationships in the wake of these breakups. The speaker in this song is deprived of that opportunity. The purpose of his art, the song he sings about writing, is to forge a relationship between him and his audience. His artistic expression is an extension of his humanity, his self. Sadly, this self does not exist outside the controls of the marketplace. His song will remain unsung because “sad songs and waltzes aren’t selling this year.” 

The chorus puts it in even more starkly economic terms. “It’s a good thing that I’m not a star. You don’t know how lucky you are. Though my record may say it, no one will play it. ‘Cause sad songs and waltzes aren’t selling this year.” Perhaps if our singer were more famous he could escape the cage built  for him by the music industry, but he is not. Therefore, any effort to make art from his pain — art that might forge a relationship between him and an audience — is in vain. No one would play it in the first place as it is not marketable. 

One particularly interesting feature of this song is its meta approach to songwriting. It is, in simple terms, a song about a song. This is not a particularly novel concept in itself, with the supreme example probably being the first verse of Leonard Cohen’s ubiquitous “Hallelujah.” “Sad Songs and Waltzes” provides a fascinating twist on the genre, however. This is a song about another song that no one has heard, nor will they, for economic reasons that we will get into in a bit. 

This is not merely clever, it is a formal feature that contributes to the song’s meaning. “Sad Songs and Waltzes” is a song is about alienation. And the singer of this song is so alienated from his personal art that he can only sing about it at a distance. It represents an ultimate form of alienation.

Alienation and Markets

Alienation is a devastating consequence of life lived under the control of markets. This is a central point in the writings of Marx and other critics of capitalism. The moving around of money in the quest to extract profit makes us all, in one way or another, cogs in a capital-producing machine, and Nashville certainly was and remains one of those. 

Like many talented artists working in Nashville, Nelson had been alienated from the fruit of his labor. He was put to work writing songs for other people to sing to create income for his record company. And when we was permitted to record his music himself, it simply wasn’t Willie Nelson as we know him. Seriously, look at his early album covers and try not to laugh at how uncomfortably not Willie Nelson he looks.

And just as Nelson had been forcibly removed from his authentic self, alienation extends beyond our relationships with the products of our labor. It also emerges as a barrier between individuals, interfering with proper relationships among human beings. Forced to sell our labor for wages, other people lose their individual identities and become mere competitors, making human cooperation difficult to achieve. We become, above all, alienated from ourselves and other people on a natural, human level when subjected to the demands of money-making. We lose our status as fully embodied people, having been reduced to a figure in some equation to determine the bottom line. 

Its hard-won wisdom about the human toll that capitalist alienation extracts is what makes “Sad Songs and Waltzes” so beautifully devastating. The betrayed singer is alone and must remain alone because he cannot spin his pain into enough profit for the bean-counters. 


When Shotgun Willie was produced, Nelson had only recently emerged from the Nashville money machine. He had spent years conforming himself to the demands of that industry, stifling his creative self in service of its products. This professional history provides insight into the source of a career frustration that finally exploded into songs like “Sad Songs and Waltzes.”

The move to Austin, a place that was weird and incomprehensible to the logic of the Nashville scene helped break him from his binds. Hanging out with the hippies and hillbillies of that unique and idiosyncratic music scene allowed him to develop something closes to an authentic artistic self and it set the stage for his many career reinventions. He became, in many ways, country music’s best answer to Bob Dylan in this way. 

When he eventually returns to Nashville it is as a bonafide “outlaw” with the rest of that movement largely founded on its rebellion against the Nashville Machine. Waylon Jennings’s “Are You Sure Hank Done It This Way” is a good example of how the Outlaw movement wore an open animosity against how Nashville’s system stifled individual creativity and forced it back down the throat of that very system. Capitalism being what it is of course, Nashville eventually found a way to coerce profit out of the artistic forms that rose up against it, bringing the enemy into the fold as it were. Outlaw Country became the defining sound of 1970s Nashville.

Still, Willie Nelson’s Atlantic Records period serves as an inspiration. It is a moment when an artist well into his career finds the strength to reinvent himself and claim significant ownership over his own art, taking a career full of alienation and molding it into a new form of art that would indeed forge powerful human relationships with a new audience for decades to come. It might even be said that he took a share of the means of production, with the product being Willie Nelson.

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A Night with Northlane

Josh Hockey went to go see Northlane in Melbourne and took photographer Albert LaMontagne with him to capture the night.




Settling in to 170 Russell would have been nice, but as we stepped in at the allocated 6:30 door time we were greeted with the start of Void Of Vision’s set. Sprinting down the stairs and into the room, it was clear that moving the door time forward half an hour had definitely affected the crowd.

A decent audience had streamed in, but nowhere big enough considering the year Void Of Vision has had. Releasing their magnum opus album, Hyperdaze, they have been on an absolute tear, and it was clear during this set that they were going to keep going hard.

Opening up by bringing the heavy early, Void had the room shaking from the world go. An impressive light show and an almighty wall of sound filled the room with layers upon layers of adrenaline. Vocalist Jack Bergin led this assault, bringing as much energy as he possibly could, whilst utilising his seemingly endless amounts of stage presence.

New songs like “Babylon” and “Hole In Me” showcased their new sound, while “Kill All Your Friends” got the pit going like it always does. They finished strong with “Ghost In The Machine” and left their stamp on 170 Russell.

International act Silent Planet were up next. A pretty much completely new band to me, I was immediately impressed by the connection they appeared to have with their audience. From the word go, the pit was open, and everyone in the front few row was singing along with all the passion in the world.

Spoken word vocals mixed with harsh screams ensured that vocalist Garrett kept the audience on their toes. The instrumentals kept up this pace as well, with their hard hitting dark tones unrelentingly assaulting the ears of all listeners (in a good way).

Silent Planet sounded incredibly large all the way through, and definitely would have made themselves some new fans on the night. Their music appeared to be full of themes of mental illness, and political issues, which is absolutely super important in today’s societal climate.

Counterparts were up next. Definitely a well known band, the heavy Canadians immediately made clear the tone of the set announcing themselves with a call of, “Counterparts Schoolies Week Motherfucker.” They launched into their first song and it was immediately clear why they are as acclaimed as they are. Ridiculously tight and sounding stupidly massive, they had fans moving from the second they started playing.

The shit talking between sets would have been the highlight, but the songs themselves made it hard to top. Playing the old classics as well as the new heavy-hitters, there was as much two stepping as there was singing along. Also this was perhaps the first time in history I heard a pitcall of “schoolies 2019 motherfucker open it up,” which was an experience that I’m glad I had.

Dedicating a song to Australia’s very own Trophy Eyes, their massive sound continued unrelentingly. Coming towards the end, the set closed with a wave of crowdsurfers all diving and climbing towards the microphone, trying to get ahold of vocalist Brendan so they could scream his words right back at him. This set was great, and I’m quite sad I personally am not a Counterparts super fan so I couldn’t join in the fun. Next time boys. Next time.

Finally it was time for the big dogs, Northlane. The lights went down and hands went up, ready to go and awaiting the bands arrival impatiently, the audiences cravings would soon be met. Northlane charged onto stage and belted into “Talking Heads.” The movement was huge from the start, and the audience was off their feet and jumping non-stop all the way through.

“Details Matter” was a definite highlight of the set, with the ridiculously massive sound of one of the better songs of 2019 running rampant through 170 Russell. Headbangers were aplenty and moshers were in surplus. This continued even into one of their softer songs, “Rot.” The first song released by the band with vocalist Marcus Bridge, “Rot” went down an absolute treat as always.

Northlane are a ludicrously tight live band, and this became ever more clear as they smashed through “Citizen, “Obelisk”, and “4D.” New party song “Eclipse” had the room shaking as everyone refused to stop bouncing. The set began to come to a close as massive Alien single “Bloodline” was the definite highlight of the show. It has been one of my favourite songs of the year, and this rendition locked that in even more. Cannons and lights were ablaze and firing everywhere, and made this even more of a spectacle.

Leaving stage momentarily, Northlane returned as Marcus came back wearing a big sparkly coat. “Sleepless”, the closing track of the album was incredibly effective and touching live. And was a nice sombre end to the show, right before they launched into the timeless heavy classic, “Quantum Flux.” And goddamn was it massive.

Northlane are one of the best bands out there, and this show only locked that in.

Check out the images from the Northlane show:

All photos by Albert LaMontagne. Copyright 2019 Albert LaMontagne / Sound the Sirens Magazine. Please do not use or distribute these images without the permission of Albert LaMontagne. If you use these images without permission, you are a terrible person.

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